Found through a stunning drive through unpopulated and mountainous areas of central Tanzania is the important central city of Iringa with its small but fascinating museum commemorating African’s struggles against the German colonists.

The name Iringa is derived from the Hehe word lilinga, meaning fort. It was built during the 1890s by the German Army as a defensive base to be used against the Hehe uprising lead by Chief Mkwawa. The fortress and headquarters of Chief Mkwawa was situated in the nearby village of Kalenga.

The town stretches along a hilltop overlooking the Ruaha River to the south, and spreads along ridges and valleys to the north. The altitude of the town is more than 1550 meters (5000 feet) above sea level. The Isimila Stone Age site, which lies about 20 km (12 miles) to the southwest, contains archeological artifacts, particularly stone tools, from human habitation about 70,000 years ago.